Information controls the Earth today – extinct cultures, destroys civilizations, languages. Human life has been around for 4 million years. It didn’t even take 1 million years until we discovered agriculture. Agriculture ® Industrial Revolution
HOMINIDS 4 million years ago
Communication has been the greatest barrier in the world. Information is knowledge. The ability to communicate is the source of all knowledge.The control of information brings down countries (USSR)
Information doesn’t just move back and forth.
Reality can be determined and defined by information.
Businesses drive communications market because of this.
A Virtual Revolution is more likely to take over reality. There are technologies now to advance life like a fantasy.
"A universe that is unknowable is no fit place for a thinking mind."
Carl Sagan, Broca’s Brain
Critical Thinking Characteristics
A critical thinker is characterized by his/her proficiency in the following operations by judging whether or not:
...a conclusion follows its premises
If ® Then.
You can cancel then come to a conclusion statement.
PROBLEM: The way the words are ordered (SYNTAX).
EX: In the statement " GOD IS LOVE "
"Is" has many meanings.
"Love" has many meanings.
THREE TYPES OF LOVE:
Most assumptions are created artificially. Some assumptions are cultural.
Logic must be rigorous.
EX: "All men are created equal." What about women?
...an observation or statement is reliable
...a generalization is warranted
...a hypothesis is warranted
...a theory is warranted
...an argument depends on an ambiguity
...a statement is over-vague or over-specific
...a alleged authority is reliable
...something is a value judgment. Does/does not rely on critical thinking
If all our opinions were fact, it would be a dull world
Bloom's Hierarchy of Cognitive Skills
Bloom was a psychologist who studied metacognition.
These are the six categories of types of thought. He gathered all types of thought from the simplest to the most complex. You can’t restate, until you recall. Get something in the exact same form given to you.
How does our brain learn information?
EXAMPLE of Bloom’s TAXONOMY of COGNITIVE SKILLS:
Mary had a little lamb.
Whose fleece was white as snow.
And everywhere that Mary went,
The lamb was sure to go.
It followed her to school one day.
Which was against the rules.
It made the children laugh and play
To see a lamb in school.
Lamb and children. RELATIONSHIP: It made the children laugh and play.
Laughter and rule. RELATIONSHIP: None.
School and fleece. RELATIONSHIP: None.
When you synthesize, you make up information that you feel is likely to be true.
PROBLEM: It could be wrong.
Mary can be defined differently.
Society determines everything. When society believes something, then the
majority of people will think the way society thinks.
It’s up to argumentation.
USES OF THE RHYME: It explains metacognition, it teaches morals, it puts kids to sleep.
We can respond in different ways towards certain things in the classical (scientific) way or the romantic (artistic) way. Art is a romantic type of discipline.