GRAM POSITIVE AND NEGATIVE RODS

 

CLASSIFICATION

CAUSATIVE ORGANISM

DISEASE

PROFILES/ SYMPTOMS

TREATMENT

 

 

 

 

G+ Rods

Clostridium

spore forming

 

Clostridium botulinum

Clostridium pertringens

 

Clostridium tetani

 

 

 

 

Clostridium perfringens

 

BOTULISM

 

 

TETANUS

 

 

 

 

GAS

GANGRENE

 

hrs.-days

GIT, EYE, RESP, I

 

Trivial wound

10 days incubation

tetany 1° lockjaw

           2° resp. tract

 

swelling or traumatized

wound-H2 and CO2

1° tissue death ­­

adelirium

 

Performed Ab control

128° press cook

 

antitoxin

H2 O2 at wound

 

Prevent DPT series

 

Excision of tissue

Hyperbaric treatment

 

Corynebacterium

 

Corynebacterium diptheria

 

DIPTHERIA

 

Psuedomemb-throat

Kidney, heart fail

 

-antitoxin

Penicillin

 

 

 

Enterobacteriophage

“the enterics”

G- rods

 

Salmonella typhi

Salmonella paratyphi

 

 

 

Salmonella spp.

 

 

 

 

Shigella sonneri

Shigella dysentery

(most severe)

 

Yersinis pestis

 

 

Yersinia entercloitica

 

Typhoid fever

Paratyphoid

Fever

 

 

GASTROENTERITIS

SALMONELLOSIS

 

DYSENTERY

 

 

 

BUBONIC PLAGUE

 

 

 

Point source outbreak

FW-like symptoms

Pyers patches (imm syst)

Diarrhea, vomit

 

GI, NAUSEA

DIARRHEA

ONSET 18-36hrs., self limiting

 

Overcrowded cond, epidemic

Severe diarrheah, Dehyd. I

Colitis

 

BUBOES-enlarge in lymph

Nodes

 

Point source contamination

GI headache, self limiting

 

Ampicillin

Chlorodamphenicol

 

 

 

No treatment

(­ u-mutation rate)

force fluids

 

 

 

 

 

 

Streptomycin

Tetra

 

Self-limiting