Super-Kingdom Monera

Unifying Characteristics:
Unicellular
Prokayotic
70s ribosomes
No membrane bound organelles
2 microns diameter avg.

Kingdom Archaebacteria 

  1. Unifying Characteristics
    1. Unicellular
    2. Prokaryotic
    3. Omnitrophic!
    4. Strict anaerobes, distinct from other bacteria in cell wall, membrane lipids, ribosomes, and RNA sequences.
    5. Ancestral to the Eubacteria.
    6. Methanogens, halophiles, thermophiles.   
  1. Archaebacteria Classification

                Methanobacterium
                Halobacterium
                Sulfolobus

Kingdom Eubacteria

 

  1. Unifying Characteristics
    1. Unicellular
    2. Prokaryotic
    3. Photosynthetic autotrophs, chemosynthetic autotrophs, and heterotrophs.
    4. Peptidoglycan in cell wall. 
    5. Gram-negative and gram-positive forms. 
  1. Eubacteria Classification

          

          Phylum Gracilicutes

                Typical Gram-negative, thin wall. Autotrophs (photosynthetic and chemosynthetic) and heterotrophs. 


                Anabaena (and other cyanobacteria.)
                Escherichia 
                Pseudomonas
                Neisseria
                Myxococcus


        Phylum Firmicutes. 

                Typical Gram-positive, thick wall. Heterotrophs. 

                Bacillus
                Staphylococcus
                Streptococcus
                Clostridium
                Actinomycetes

        Phylum Tenericutes. 

                Gram-negative, wall absent. Heterotrophs (saprobes, pathogens). 

                Mycoplasma